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Practical advice to help caregivers with the day-to-day challenges of caring for a heart patient

We understand. At a moment’s notice, you joined millions of Americans filling the role of caregiver for a parent, a spouse, or a close relative. Caregiving is an increasingly common experience in middle and older adults that cuts across demographic groups. For those caring for a heart patient, providing support can seem like a part-time job that could be required for six months or more during recovery from a heart attack or stroke or more for heart failure patients. Di Capital Cardiology Associates, you can count on our team of physicians and providers to provide the highest quality of care for your loved one. We understand the challenges that caregivers experience at home. To help, we have compiled this collection of advice, sumber, and tips on how to take care of your loved one with heart problems.

Life after a heart attack

There is a common misconception that a heart attack is a singular event. About one in five people who have had a heart attack will have a second one within five years. Menurut Persatuan Jantung Amerika, setiap tahun, there are about 335,000 recurrent heart attacks in the United States. It’s vital for family and friends to identify the warning signs associated with heart trouble — sakit dada, sesak nafas, difficulty breathing, and leg swellingare all abnormal after a heart attack. If you observe these symptoms, get medical attentional immediately.

Ia bukan luar biasa untuk pesakit untuk menggambarkan serangan jantung mereka sebagai “life-changer. For many heart attack survivors, serangan jantung mereka digesa perubahan gaya hidup utama. Dr. Robert Benton, a board-certified cardiologist at Capital Cardiology, points out that during these first few days or weeks after a heart attack, ia adalah penting untuk mempunyai penjaga dengan pesakit. “Family members need to understand what this person is going through because some people have never been sick in their lives, mereka tidak pernah ke doktor atau hospital untuk rawatan, dan tiba-tiba, it’s a big game-changer. Anda telah pergi dari mengambil sebarang ubat-ubatan untuk mengambil lima preskripsi yang berbeza. Beforehand you ate everything you wanted, and now you are limited. Anda menghisap rokok; anda tidak. You didn’t exercise, Awak. You haven’t taken any time off from work to take care of yourself; we teach you to have to put things into priority.

Grandfather with family

pemulihan jantung adalah salah satu daripada beberapa langkah yang perlu untuk datang kepada terma dengan kehidupan selepas serangan jantung. After your hospital visit, you will meet with your cardiologist to begin, “something called cardiac rehabilitation, which we recommend to all heart attack patients,” kata Dr. Benton. pesakit jantung menerima bahawa mereka kini mempunyai hubungan kerja dengan pakar kardiologi mereka yang bermula sebagai lawatan pejabat biasa. “Ia kira-kira dua hingga tiga kali seminggu selama kira-kira enam minggu. Anda akan melakukan senaman dan belajar tentang diet dan pengurusan tekanan. Mereka adalah perkara-perkara yang kita, profesion perubatan, menyediakan.” At home, your loved one will rely on you to help them get exercise, eat healthier, manage their stress, take their medications, and make any lifestyle changes their doctor recommends.

Life after stroke

Menurut Pusat Kawalan dan Pencegahan Penyakit (CDC), setiap tahun, lebih daripada 795,000 orang di Amerika Syarikat mengalami strok. Dari kes-kes tersebut, mengenai 140,000 Orang Amerika dibunuh oleh strok setiap tahun - itu 1 daripada setiap 20 kematian. For survivors, there is also a 23% chance of a second stroke. What makes stroke unique from a heart attack is that it is an event that interrupts blood flow to the brain or when an artery in the brain leaks blood or ruptures. Caregivers need to be aware of warning signs that show you a stroke is happening. The timepiece of identifying stroke is so important because the longer that part of the brain goes without blood and oxygen supply, lebih teruk hasilnya adalah.

While the risk of stroke is often included with heart attack prevention, stroke affects your brain, which brings a different set of recovery needs. Dr. Alan Boulos is Chair of the Department of Neurosurgery, Pengarah Bahagian Neurovaskular, dan Profesor Madya Neurosurgeri dan Radiologi di Pusat Perubatan Albany. He explained how a stroke damages the brain. “The brain is a complicated electrical organ/system. Sekiranya sambungan dapat dijalin semula, jika bahagian otak yang lain boleh mengambil alih fungsi, maka kita dapat melihat pesakit memulihkan kemampuan mereka walaupun mereka adalah kawasan otak yang rosak.” Adalah menggembirakan bahawa pemulihan daripada kejadian strok adalah mungkin; ini melibatkan dedikasi untuk pemulihan dan masa. Change occurs very slowly, sehingga dua tahun dalam beberapa kes. malangnya, due to the severity of the stroke, there may debilitating or life-altering injury.

Living with heart failure

Lebih daripada 200,000 kes US kegagalan jantung didiagnosis setiap tahun, biasanya memberi kesan kepada pesakit yang berumur di antara 41-60, dan orang-orang di atas 60 tahun. Kebanyakan orang-orang adalah lelaki. Walau bagaimanapun, wanita lebih cenderung untuk mati akibat kegagalan jantung apabila keadaan pergi tidak dirawat. istilah “kegagalan jantung” makes it sound like the heart is no longer working at all, and there’s nothing that can be done. Sebenarnya, kegagalan jantung adalah istilah yang digunakan untuk menggambarkan hati yang yang tidak boleh bersaing dengan beban kerja. “Satu soalan saya dapat daripada pesakit adalah, 'Adakah kegagalan jantung yang sama seperti kegagalan jantung kongestif?’ Ya, ia adalah,” dikongsi Dr. Benton.

Heart failure leads to congestive heart failure, which brings an increased danger of heart attack. Kerana kegagalan jantung adalah yang paling sering keadaan yang kronik, gejala-gejala anda mungkin akan menjadi lebih buruk dari masa ke masa. Sejak kegagalan jantung adalah penyakit jangka panjang, aktiviti harian seperti berjalan menaiki tangga, membawa barangan runcit, atau berjalan dari kereta anda ke rumah anda boleh, lebih masa, menjadi satu cabaran. “The situation could have to do more with being overweight or out of shape, it could be the coronary arteries — if there is a blockage it can cause a lack of blood flow, starving the heart from oxygen and that cause much bigger problems,” negeri Dr. Benton.

There are many different treatment options depending on your loved one’s overall health and how far their condition has progressed.
We can treat certain types with medicines like a water pill (diuretik); terdapat ubat (ACE inhibitor dan beta-blockers) yang membantu dengan aliran darah atau tekanan rendah di tengah-tengah, helping the heart muscle function more efficiently,” dinyatakan Dr. Benton. Terdapat juga pilihan pembedahan. A balloon angioplasty is a non-surgical procedure where a balloon is inflated inside the narrowed aorta to expand the blood vessel. Your cardiologist may also suggest a coronary stent (tiub) placed in the coronary arteries that supply the heart, untuk menjaga arteri terbuka dalam rawatan penyakit jantung koronari. Interventional cardiologists can place a mitral clip, a procedure to cinch a very leaky heart valve. For heart failure patients that have developed heart valve disease, a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (Tavria) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure. This option repairs the valve without removing the old, injap yang rosak. sebaliknya, ia baji injap gantian ke dalam tempat injap aortic ini.

Heart-healthy eating

Diet is the cornerstone for every heart patient as it is the one area of health that all patients can follow. Your healthcare provider will prescribe a diet low in saturated fat and salt. They will insist on incorporating a variety of fruits and vegetables, bijirin penuh, lean meats, fish, and low-fat dairy products into everyday meals. There are two diets that are recommended by the American College of Cardiology, Persatuan Jantung Amerika, and the healthcare community: the DASH diet and the Mediterranian Diet.

DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The DASH eating plan has been proven to lower blood pressure in just 14 hari, even without lowering sodium intake. The DASH diet can help lower cholesterol, and with weight loss and exercise, can reduce insulin resistance and reduce the risk of developing diabetes. The DASH eating plan includes whole grains, poultry, fish, and nuts, and has low amounts of fats, red meats, gula-gula, and sugared beverages. It is also high in potassium, kalsium, and magnesium, as well as protein and fiber. Eating foods lower in salt and sodium also can reduce blood pressure.

Majoriti perancangan makan untuk diet Mediterranean terdiri daripada buah-buahan dan sayur-sayuran segar. A sample-day meal menu consists of: smoothie labu roti halia untuk sarapan pagi, Makaroni dengan Susu (Macaroni oil-Hali) untuk makan tengahari, dan Trout dengan layu Greens untuk makan malam. makanan ringan anda disyorkan pada siang hari: Mangga Pear Smoothie, cashews dan kismis, Rendah lemak keju ricotta dengan pic, hummus, dan benih dan kacang bar snek. diet juga mencadangkan empat auns wain merah pada waktu malam dengan hidangan anda. Red wine contains flavonoids, which help reduce your risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Senaman

Ia benar-benar tidak sukar untuk dimuatkan dalam kecergasan. Setiap kali anda berdiri dan melakukan sesuatu, anda mengambil satu langkah ke arah yang betul. Untuk pesakit jantung, thinking of exercise as another medication that will betakendaily will have many positive health benefits. Keep in mind, yang “bestform of aerobic exercise is the one that keeps you motivated, and the one you will continue to complete every day.

The American Heart Association encourages all adults to seek 30-minutes of daily activity or exercise. And what is the simplest form of exercise? berjalan. “One of the best exercises for people is to walk. It’s an activity that people can get started easily, and it has the highest record for people being able to continue it. Often times we stop doing an exercise out of boredom, but walking is one of those exercises that you can do and have a high success rate,” negeri Dr. Benton. Walking for as little as 30 minutes a day can reduce your risk of coronary heart disease, improve your blood pressure and blood sugar levels, elevate your mood and reduce your risk of osteoporosis, kanser, dan kencing manis.

After a heart patient has been cleared by their physician to begin physical activity, an exercise physiologist will design a safe and valid exercise prescription. Sebilangan besar program pemulihan jantung memberi tumpuan 5-6 weeks of building up to a goal of 30 minit sehari. Ramai pesakit jantung mengalami klaudikasi, kekejangan otot kaki. Bagi individu tersebut, kami mengesyorkan berjalan sejauh yang mereka boleh tahan, berhenti, duduk dan berehat, dan, apabila pulih, buat sekali lagi. For a more detailed breakdown of what exercises and training would be recommended, klik pada butang di bawah.

Communicate with your heart team

The doctor visits after a cardiac event are when caregivers can help their loved one either remember the questions they have about returning to work, eating, or activity. Caregiver, you should also prepare your own list of questions for the physician or care providers. It’s perfectly acceptable for you to share any concerns or changes you have observed in your loved one since their last visit. Your loved one may rely on you to help them recall points made during their appointment or discuss the treatment plan offered by the cardiologist.

ubat-ubatan

It is important that heart patients adhere to medication regimens and as their doctor any questions. Capital Cardiology Associates offers Heart to Heart consultations, one-on-one meetings with a clinical pharmacist, Dr. Kate Cabral. Dr. Cabral can help your loved one remember to take medication by creating simple routines like a reminder on their phone or using a pill organizer. Heart patients and their caretakers can also use this time to ask questions on their medication if their pills are safe to take with over the counter supplements or learn about possible side effects. To make an appointment ask your doctor or call 518-292-6004.

Our patient portal offers you a way to stay connected with your loved one’s physician and care team without having to make a phone call. Dengan sambungan internet, anda akan mempunyai akses maya ke pakar kardiologi anda dan pasukan jantung kami, yang boleh menjawab soalan dalam rekod perubatan anda dan preskripsi melalui platform pesanan yang selamat.

A telehealth appointment is just like a regular appointment. Instead of visiting face-to-face, we use video cameras and monitors to connect, bermakna anda tidak perlu melakukan perjalanan untuk mendapatkan rawatan yang anda perlukan. Anda akan dapat melihat, dengar, dan bercakap dengan pakar kardiologi, penyedia penjagaan maju, atau pakar jantung di lokasi kami melalui persidangan video, membolehkan anda berada di kemudahan perubatan, rumah anda, atau lokasi lain.

Care for yourself

Menurut Persatuan Jantung Amerika, caregivers have a higher risk for health and emotional problems. That’s because caregivers are less likely to focus on their own health by eating a healthy diet, being physically active, and addressing physical and emotional problems. Make sure that you are taking quality time for anda. When you are overwhelmed or need help, there are resources!

Palliative care is a team assembled depending on your loved one’s needs, lokasi, dan keadaan. “Perkara yang indah tentang penjagaan paliatif adalah bahawa ia tidak hanya seorang kakitangan atau pembekal. Ia adalah gandingan yang menakjubkan pengamal jururawat, physician assistant, atau jururawat berdaftar dan juga seorang pekerja sosial,” notes Catherine Markey, Pekerja sosial. A kelihatan pasukan paliatif di luar diagnosis untuk membantu pesakit menjalani kehidupan terbaik mereka ketika tinggal dengan penyakit mereka. Dr. George Giokas is the chief medical officer of St. Health Partners Peter (SPHP) paliatif talian perkhidmatan penjagaan. “Ia jarang berlaku bagi kita untuk merawat satu syarat, seperti penyakit jantung. Pesakit sering mempunyai unsur ringan emphysema, COPD, diabetes, atau artritis. Sebagai satu pasukan, kita bekerja dengan pembekal untuk merawat semua masalah pesakit.”

The American Heart Association has an excellent online support page for caregivers. Use the link below to find free support from other caregivers, read the stories of survivors, and share emotional support with others that have a loved one with a heart condition or stroke.