Heart Conditions

Patient Education from Capital Cardiology Associates

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of heart disease. A heart attack is a frightening, confusing and stressful experience. There are several conditions and factors involved in cardiac disease and treatment. Our Patient Education is an online resource to help provide basic information on heart health. Please be sure to ask your doctor any questions you have.

To learn more about heart conditions, watch patient education videos, or to download our brochures, click on the images below.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
If the wall of your aorta in your abdomen weakens and balloons outward, you have an abdominal aortic aneurysm. It’s a serious condition, and one that often has no warning signs.
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Aortic Valve Stenosis (AVS)
Valvular aortic stenosis is a congenital heart defect created by an abnormally-formed aortic valve.
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Arrythmia
Arrhythmias, also called dysrhythmias, are abnormal heartbeat rhythms that can be caused by a variety of conditions. Read more and watch our patient education video.

Arterial Insufficiency
This condition results from an inadequate flow of blood through the arteries.
Read more and watch our patient education video.

Atherosclerosis
This disease is a buildup of a sticky, fatty substance called “plaque” on the inner walls of your arteries.
Read more and watch our patient education video.

Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation, also called AFib or AF, is a common kind of irregular heartbeat that often rapid heart rate that commonly causes poor blood flow.
Read more and watch our patient education videos.

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
This congenital defect creates abnormal blood flow through the heart. ASD may result in a murmur that can be heard during an exam.
Read more and watch our patient education video.

Cardiovascular Disease
According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, “Coronary heart disease, often simply called heart disease, is the main form of heart disease. It is a disorder of the blood vessels of the heart that can lead to heart attack.”
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Cardiac Risk Factors
Factors that increase your risk of coronary artery disease include some you can’t control and several that you can.
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Carotid Artery Disease
This condition is a buildup of fatty deposits, called plaque, in the carotid arteries.
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Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary arteries are the blood vessels that feed your heart muscle. If the arteries harden and narrow, your heart muscle can’t get the blood it needs to work well. Coronary heart disease can lead to a heart attack. It is the leading cause of death for men and women in the United States.

Coarctation of the Aorta
This congenital heart condition results from a narrowing of the aorta, which carries blood from the heart to the body.
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Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
This condition is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep inside the body. This type of clot most commonly develops in the legs.
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Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)
This disease is caused by a weakening of the heart muscle. It primarily affects the left ventricle, the heart’s main pumping chamber.
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After A Heart Attack
After a heart attack, it is possible to have further heart problems despite expert medical treatment. Read more about common warning signs, health, medications, and risk factors.

High Blood Pressure
When your heart beats, it pushes blood through your arteries. This creates pressure against the artery walls. If this pressure is too high, you have high blood pressure. It’s a common disease. But if you don’t manage it properly, it can cause health problems.

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)
This congenital heart condition occurs when the left side of the heart does not develop normally. It is a rare and complex condition that results in an inadequate supply of oxygenated blood to the body. Read more

Pulmonary
Learn more about Pulmonary conditions, disorders symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
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Stroke
When blood flow to a part of your brain is stopped, you can have a stroke.
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Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
This congenital heart condition is a combination of defects that results in impaired pulmonary blood flow and reduced oxygen levels in the blood.
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Transposition of the Great Arteries
This condition is a reversal of the two major arteries that carry blood away from the heart. These are the aorta and the pulmonary artery.
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Venous Thromboembolism (VTE)
This condition, commonly called “VTE,” occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein deep within your body. This can happen in your leg, or in another part of your body.
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Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
This congenital defect creates abnormal blood flow through the heart. It may result in a murmur that can be heard on exam and it can be diagnosed by an echocardiogram.
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